Compliance with fixed-itinerary systems in water-based parks

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A number of studies at land-based parks have indicated that trip information from permit itineraries does not always coincide with actual user behavior. To assess the effectiveness of the fixed-itinerary system at a water-based park, this study examined discrepancies between the itineraries recorded on permits and those reported by overnight users following their visits to Everglades National Park; it also assessed day visitors' reported use of backcountry campsites. Motorboaters were more likely to comply with their permit itinerary than canoeists (76% and 66% compliance rate, respectively). More than one-fourth of day users reported stopping at a backcountry campsite. Respondents reported that sharing campsites with noncomplying campers affected their backcountry experience in either a positive (3%), negative (11%), or neutral (9%) manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-240
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Management
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1991
Externally publishedYes


  • Permit itinerary validity
  • Water-based
  • Wilderness recreation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Pollution


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