Complex integration of intrinsic and peripheral signaling is required for pituitary gland development

Whitney Edwards, Lori T. Raetzman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The coordination of pituitary development is complicated and requires input from multiple cellular processes. Recent research has provided insight into key molecular determinants that govern cell fate specification in the pituitary. Moreover, increasing research aimed to identify, characterize, and functionally describe the presumptive pituitary stem cell population has allowed for a better understanding of the processes that govern endocrine cell differentiation in the developing pituitary. The culmination of this research has led to the ability of investigators to recapitulate some of embryonic pituitary development in vitro, the first steps to developing novel regenerative therapies for pituitary diseases. In this current review, we cover the major players in pituitary stem/progenitor cell function and maintenance, and the key molecular determinants of endocrine cell specification. In addition, we discuss the contribution of peripheral hormonal regulation of pituitary gland development, an understudied area of research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-513
Number of pages10
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018


  • Anterior pituitary
  • Developmental biology
  • Hormones
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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