Objectives: To fully sequence and characterize equine aggrecan and confirm conservation of major aggrecanase, calpain and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) cleavage sites. Methods: Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and rapid amplification of cDNA ends were used to generate clones that encompassed the complete equine ag-grecan sequence. Clones were sequenced and compared with the equine genome data-base to determine intron-exon boundaries. Results: The aggrecan gene spans over 61 kb on chromosome 1 and is encoded by 17 exons. Two major variants of aggrecan were cloned; one containing 8187 bp (2728 amino acids) and a second sequence of 8061 nucleotides (2686 amino acids). The variation was due to a CS1 domain polymorphism. Both sequences are substantially larger than predicted by the genomic database; 11 CS1 repeat elements are absent in the database sequence. The equine amino acid sequence was compared with human, bovine and murine sequences. Globular domains 1, 2 and 3 are highly conserved (overall identity over 80%). Equine CS1 is considerably larger than in other species and, therefore, is the least conserved domain (an overall amino acid identity of 22%). Previously defined aggrecanase, calpain and MMP cleavage sites were identified. Western blotting of chondrocyte culture samples showed complex post-secretion processing. Clinical significance: The complete equine aggrecan sequence will support more in-depth research on aggrecan processing and degradation in equine articular cartilage and other musculoskeletal tissues.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2015|
- Matrix metallo-proteinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology