Comparisons of observed ozone trends and solar effects in the stratosphere through examination of ground-based Umkehr and combined solar backscattered ultraviolet (SBUV) and SBUV 2 satellite data

A. J. Miller, S. M. Hollandsworth, L. E. Flynn, G. C. Tiao, G. C. Reinsel, L. Bishop, R. D. McPeters, W. G. Planet, J. J. DeLuisi, C. L. Mateer, D. Wuebbles, J. Kerr, R. M. Nagatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Within the past year, two papers have been published which present updated profile ozone trends from the recently revised ground-based Umkehr record [Miller et al., 1995] and the combined Nimbus 7 solar backscattered ultraviolet (SBUV) and NOAA 11 SBUV 2 satellite data record [Hollandsworth et al., 1995]. In this paper we compare the ozone trends and responses to the 11-year solar cycle (represented by the F10.7 cm radio flux) derived from these two data sets for the period June 1977 to June 1991 (November 1978 to June 1991 for the satellite data). We consider data at northern midlatitudes (30°-50°N) at altitudes between 25 and 45 km derived from these two data sets. In particular, we investigate the effects of spatial sampling differences between the data sets on the derived signals. The trends derived from the two independent data sets are nearly identical at all levels except 35 km, where the Umkehr data indicate a somewhat more negative trend. The trend is approximately zero near 25 km but becomes more negative in the upper stratosphere, reaching nearly -7% per decade in the 40-45 km region. The upper stratospheric decreases are consistent with model results and are associated with the gas-phase chemical effect of chlorofluorocarbons CFC's and other ozone-destroying chemicals [World Meteorological Organization, 1995]. The ozone correlations in the two data sets with the F10.7 cm solar flux are similar, with near-zero solar-induced ozone variations in the 25-30 km region and statistically significant in-phase variations at higher altitudes. Estimates of the solar cycle in the ozone time series at 40-45 km from a regression model indicate variations of about 4.5% from solar cycle maximum to minimum. Analysis of the satellite overpass data at the Umkehr station locations shows that the average of the data from the 11 Umkehr stations is a good approximation for the 30°-50°N zonal mean.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9017-9021
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume101
Issue number4 D
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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