Comparison of yield and composition of oil extracted from corn fiber and corn bran

Robert A. Moreau, Vijay Singh, Steven R. Eckhoff, Michael J. Powell, Kevin B. Hicks, Robert A. Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We recently reported that corn fiber oil contains high levels of three potential cholesterol-lowering phytosterol components: ferulate-phytosterol esters (FPE) (3-6 wt%), free phytosterols (1-2 wt%), and phytosterol-fatty acyl esters (7-9 wt%). A previous study also indicated that corn bran oil contained less phytosterol components than corn fiber oil. The current study was undertaken to attempt to confirm this preliminary observation using more defined conditions. Accordingly, oil was extracted from corn fiber and corn bran prepared under controlled laboratory conditions, using the same sample of corn hybrid kernels for each, and using recognized bench-scale wet- milling, and dry-milling procedures, respectively. After extraction, the chemical composition of the phytosterol components in the oil were measured. This study confirmed our previous observation-that FPE levels were higher in corn fiber oil than in corn bran oil. During industrial wet-milling, almost all of the FPE are recovered in the fiber fraction (which contains both fine and coarse fiber). During laboratory-scale wet-milling, ≃60-70% of the FPE are recovered in the coarse fiber (pericarp) and 30-40% are recovered in the fine fiber. During laboratory-scale dry-milling, <20% of the FPE are recovered in the bran (pericarp), and the rest in the grits. The recoveries of the other two phytosterol components (free phytosterols and phytosterol- fatty acyl esters) revealed a more complex distribution, with significant levels found in several of the dry-and wet-milled products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-451
Number of pages3
JournalCereal Chemistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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