COMPARISON of TRANSCUTANEOUS ULTRASOUND and COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EVALUATION of KIDNEY SIZE and EVALUATION of ADRENAL GLAND SIZE USING ULTRASOUND in A COLONY of CALLIMICOS (CALLIMICO GOELDII)

James G. Johnson, Jennifer N. Langan, Sathya K. Chinnadurai, Randi Drees, Mark Warneke, Matthew C. Allender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Both kidney and adrenal gland disease have been identified in callimicos (Callimico goeldii). Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) are routinely utilized in veterinary patients with suspected renal or adrenal disease to determine size, shape, and echogenicity of these organs. No previous US and CT kidney and adrenal gland measurements have been published for callimicos. In this study, 14 callimicos were anesthetized using isoflurane via facemask to evaluate kidney and adrenal gland size using US for both organs and CT for kidneys. Animals were considered clinically healthy based on history, physical examination, hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis, and abdominal US. Ultrasound organ measurements for length (L), width (W), and height (H) in centimeters (mean/median, 95% confidence interval) in clinically healthy animals were right kidney (L = 1.90, 1.76-2.01; W = 1.05, 0.97-1.13; H = 1.59, 1.48-1.69), left kidney (L = 1.84, 1.72-1.95; W = 1.16, 1.04-1.28; H = 1.54, 1.43-1.65), right adrenal gland (L = 0.38, 0.33-0.57; H = 0.19, 0.15-0.31) and left adrenal gland (L = 0.36, 0.32-0.39; H = 0.18, 0.17-0.20). All kidney measurements were positively correlated with animal weight (P < 0.05) but had no significant correlation to age. Measurements did not have any significant relationship to evaluated blood and urine parameters. Results from this study establish baseline measurements for callimico kidneys and adrenal glands to help clinicians use these imaging modalities for evaluation of these organs in this endangered species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)887-892
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Callimico
adrenal glands
Adrenal Glands
computed tomography
Tomography
kidneys
Kidney
ultrasonography
adrenal gland diseases
Ultrasonography
Adrenal Gland Diseases
Animal Rights
animals
blood chemistry
urinalysis
Callimico goeldii
Endangered Species
isoflurane
Urinalysis
hematology

Keywords

  • Adrenal gland
  • Callimico goeldii
  • computed tomography
  • kidney
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

@article{24223ffb14e04a4eaf69c52841ef54dc,
title = "COMPARISON of TRANSCUTANEOUS ULTRASOUND and COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EVALUATION of KIDNEY SIZE and EVALUATION of ADRENAL GLAND SIZE USING ULTRASOUND in A COLONY of CALLIMICOS (CALLIMICO GOELDII)",
abstract = "Both kidney and adrenal gland disease have been identified in callimicos (Callimico goeldii). Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) are routinely utilized in veterinary patients with suspected renal or adrenal disease to determine size, shape, and echogenicity of these organs. No previous US and CT kidney and adrenal gland measurements have been published for callimicos. In this study, 14 callimicos were anesthetized using isoflurane via facemask to evaluate kidney and adrenal gland size using US for both organs and CT for kidneys. Animals were considered clinically healthy based on history, physical examination, hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis, and abdominal US. Ultrasound organ measurements for length (L), width (W), and height (H) in centimeters (mean/median, 95{\%} confidence interval) in clinically healthy animals were right kidney (L = 1.90, 1.76-2.01; W = 1.05, 0.97-1.13; H = 1.59, 1.48-1.69), left kidney (L = 1.84, 1.72-1.95; W = 1.16, 1.04-1.28; H = 1.54, 1.43-1.65), right adrenal gland (L = 0.38, 0.33-0.57; H = 0.19, 0.15-0.31) and left adrenal gland (L = 0.36, 0.32-0.39; H = 0.18, 0.17-0.20). All kidney measurements were positively correlated with animal weight (P < 0.05) but had no significant correlation to age. Measurements did not have any significant relationship to evaluated blood and urine parameters. Results from this study establish baseline measurements for callimico kidneys and adrenal glands to help clinicians use these imaging modalities for evaluation of these organs in this endangered species.",
keywords = "Adrenal gland, Callimico goeldii, computed tomography, kidney, ultrasound",
author = "Johnson, {James G.} and Langan, {Jennifer N.} and Chinnadurai, {Sathya K.} and Randi Drees and Mark Warneke and Allender, {Matthew C.}",
year = "2018",
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T1 - COMPARISON of TRANSCUTANEOUS ULTRASOUND and COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EVALUATION of KIDNEY SIZE and EVALUATION of ADRENAL GLAND SIZE USING ULTRASOUND in A COLONY of CALLIMICOS (CALLIMICO GOELDII)

AU - Johnson, James G.

AU - Langan, Jennifer N.

AU - Chinnadurai, Sathya K.

AU - Drees, Randi

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AU - Allender, Matthew C.

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N2 - Both kidney and adrenal gland disease have been identified in callimicos (Callimico goeldii). Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) are routinely utilized in veterinary patients with suspected renal or adrenal disease to determine size, shape, and echogenicity of these organs. No previous US and CT kidney and adrenal gland measurements have been published for callimicos. In this study, 14 callimicos were anesthetized using isoflurane via facemask to evaluate kidney and adrenal gland size using US for both organs and CT for kidneys. Animals were considered clinically healthy based on history, physical examination, hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis, and abdominal US. Ultrasound organ measurements for length (L), width (W), and height (H) in centimeters (mean/median, 95% confidence interval) in clinically healthy animals were right kidney (L = 1.90, 1.76-2.01; W = 1.05, 0.97-1.13; H = 1.59, 1.48-1.69), left kidney (L = 1.84, 1.72-1.95; W = 1.16, 1.04-1.28; H = 1.54, 1.43-1.65), right adrenal gland (L = 0.38, 0.33-0.57; H = 0.19, 0.15-0.31) and left adrenal gland (L = 0.36, 0.32-0.39; H = 0.18, 0.17-0.20). All kidney measurements were positively correlated with animal weight (P < 0.05) but had no significant correlation to age. Measurements did not have any significant relationship to evaluated blood and urine parameters. Results from this study establish baseline measurements for callimico kidneys and adrenal glands to help clinicians use these imaging modalities for evaluation of these organs in this endangered species.

AB - Both kidney and adrenal gland disease have been identified in callimicos (Callimico goeldii). Ultrasonography (US) and computed tomography (CT) are routinely utilized in veterinary patients with suspected renal or adrenal disease to determine size, shape, and echogenicity of these organs. No previous US and CT kidney and adrenal gland measurements have been published for callimicos. In this study, 14 callimicos were anesthetized using isoflurane via facemask to evaluate kidney and adrenal gland size using US for both organs and CT for kidneys. Animals were considered clinically healthy based on history, physical examination, hematology, serum chemistry, urinalysis, and abdominal US. Ultrasound organ measurements for length (L), width (W), and height (H) in centimeters (mean/median, 95% confidence interval) in clinically healthy animals were right kidney (L = 1.90, 1.76-2.01; W = 1.05, 0.97-1.13; H = 1.59, 1.48-1.69), left kidney (L = 1.84, 1.72-1.95; W = 1.16, 1.04-1.28; H = 1.54, 1.43-1.65), right adrenal gland (L = 0.38, 0.33-0.57; H = 0.19, 0.15-0.31) and left adrenal gland (L = 0.36, 0.32-0.39; H = 0.18, 0.17-0.20). All kidney measurements were positively correlated with animal weight (P < 0.05) but had no significant correlation to age. Measurements did not have any significant relationship to evaluated blood and urine parameters. Results from this study establish baseline measurements for callimico kidneys and adrenal glands to help clinicians use these imaging modalities for evaluation of these organs in this endangered species.

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