Comparison of fly-ash and radio-cesium tracer methods to assess soil erosion and deposition in illinois landscapes (USA)

Kenneth R Olson, A. N. Gennadiyev, V. N. Golosov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The radio-cesium (cesium-137 [Cs]) and technogenic magnetic tracer (magnetic fly-ash spheroids) methods for the quantitative assessment of erosion-deposition processes were compared on Illinois landscapes with both cultivated and uncultivated sites located near Springfield, IL. The objectives of this study were to determine (1) the variability of the Cs and fly-ash contents within a stable landscape position, (2) the distribution and amount of fly ash and radio-cesium present in soil profiles on cultivated and uncultivated landscapes (summit, upper sideslope, lower sideslope, and alluvial fan/floodplain); and (3) the extent of soil erosion and deposition at four landscape positions on cultivated and uncultivated transect sites using both the radio-cesium and technogenic magnetic tracer methods. On a stable site, the fly-ash method had significantly greater natural variability (40% vs. 27%) than the Cs method as a result of bioturbation. The fly-ash and Cs methods did provide consistent results for six of eight cultivated and uncultivated landscape positions. At the other two sites where significant deposition or erosion did occur before the 1960s, the amount of erosion loss was different. The applicable time period for the fly-ash method assessment of the erosion and deposition situation was during the last 150 years, whereas the Cs method only assessed the last 50years. Land use, vegetation, erosion, and deposition may have differed during the first 100 years (1860s-1960s) of European settlement from those of the last 50 years (1960s to present) at the cultivated and uncultivated sites. Any such impact, either deposition or erosion before the 1960s, would not be reflected in the Cs data but would be reflected in the fly-ash data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-586
Number of pages12
JournalSoil Science
Volume173
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Soil erosion
  • cultivation
  • fly ash
  • sediment deposition
  • soil loss
  • tillage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science

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