Comparison of an infrared anaesthetic agent analyser (Datex-Ohmeda) with refractometry for measurement of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane concentrations

Andrea S. Rudolff, Yves Ps Moens, Bernd Driessen, Tamas D. Ambrisko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To assess agreement between infrared (IR) analysers and a refractometer for measurements of isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane concentrations and to demonstrate the effect of customized calibration of IR analysers. Study design: In vitro experiment. Subjects: Six IR anaesthetic monitors (Datex-Ohmeda) and a single portable refractometer (Riken). Methods: Both devices were calibrated following the manufacturer's recommendations. Gas samples were collected at common gas outlets of anaesthesia machines. A range of agent concentrations was produced by stepwise changes in dial settings: isoflurane (0-5% in 0.5% increments), sevoflurane (0-8% in 1% increments), or desflurane (0-18% in 2% increments). Oxygen flow was 2 L minute-1. The orders of testing IR analysers, agents and dial settings were randomized. Duplicate measurements were performed at each setting. The entire procedure was repeated 24 hours later. Bland-Altman analysis was performed. Measurements on day-1 were used to yield calibration equations (IR measurements as dependent and refractometry measurements as independent variables), which were used to modify the IR measurements on day-2. Results: Bias ± limits of agreement for isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane were 0.2 ± 0.3, 0.1 ± 0.4 and 0.7 ± 0.9 volume%, respectively. There were significant linear relationships between differences and means for all agents. The IR analysers became less accurate at higher gas concentrations. After customized calibration, the bias became almost zero and the limits of agreement became narrower. Conclusions and clinical relevance: If similar IR analysers are used in research studies, they need to be calibrated against a reference method using the agent in question at multiple calibration points overlapping the range of interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-392
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Anaesthetics
  • Calibration
  • Infrared gas analysis
  • Monitoring
  • Refractometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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