Comparing the effects of lithium heparin and dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid on hematologic values in eastern box turtles (Terrapene Carolina Carolina)

Katy Klein, Brina Gartlan, Greta Doden, Kelcie Fredrickson, Laura Adamovicz, Matthew C. Allender

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anticoagulants are employed to prevent clotting and preserve cellular morphology for clinical pathology tests. Lithium heparin (LH) is the most frequently used anticoagulant in chelonians; however, dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) may be superior in some species. Although eastern box turtles' (Terrapene carolina carolina) hematologic parameters are well studied, the effects of different anticoagulants on hematology in this species are unknown. This study evaluated the effects of LH and EDTA on hematologic values in free-living eastern box turtles (N = 59). Blood samples were collected from eastern box turtles in Illinois and immediately divided between LH and EDTA microtainers, and complete blood counts were performed on each sample. Grossly, plasma from EDTA blood samples was frequently and significantly hemolyzed. Blood mixed with LH had higher packed cell volume (PCV) (P = 0.04), white blood cell count (WBC) determined by Leukopet (P < 0.0001), WBC determined by blood film estimate (P < 0.0001), absolute heterophils (P = 0.007), absolute lymphocytes (P < 0.0001), and lower total solids (P < 0.0001) and absolute monocytes (P = 0.0001) than blood mixed with EDTA. All relative leukocyte counts were significantly different between the anticoagulants (P < 0.0001). EDTA apparently lysed turtle erythrocytes in this study, making it difficult to accurately count white blood cells and artificially lowering PCV. These findings demonstrate that EDTA should not be used in eastern box turtles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1006
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
Volume51
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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