Comparative study of SoxR activation by redox-active compounds

Atul K. Singh, Jung Ho Shin, Kang Lok Lee, James A. Imlay, Jung Hye Roe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Summary: SoxR from Escherichia coli and related enterobacteria is activated by a broad range of redox-active compounds through oxidation or nitrosylation of its [2Fe-2S] cluster. Activated SoxR then induces SoxS, which subsequently activates more than 100 genes in response. In contrast, non-enteric SoxRs directly activate their target genes in response to redox-active compounds that include endogenously produced metabolites. We compared the responsiveness of SoxRs from Streptomyces coelicolor (ScSoxR), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PaSoxR) and E.coli (EcSoxR), all expressed in S.coelicolor, towards natural or synthetic redox-active compounds. EcSoxR responded to all compounds examined, whereas ScSoxR was insensitive to oxidants such as paraquat (Eh -440mV) and menadione sodium bisulphite (Eh -45mV) and to NO generators. PaSoxR was insensitive only to some NO generators. Whole-cell EPR analysis of SoxRs expressed in E.coli revealed that the [2Fe-2S]1+ of ScSoxR was not oxidizable by paraquat, differing from EcSoxR and PaSoxR. The mid-point redox potential of purified ScSoxR was determined to be -185±10mV, higher by ~100mV than those of EcSoxR and PaSoxR, supporting its limited response to paraquat. The overall sensitivity profile indicates that both redox potential and kinetic reactivity determine the differential responses of SoxRs towards various oxidants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)983-996
Number of pages14
JournalMolecular Microbiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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