Comparative genome analysis of an extensively drug-resistant isolate of avian sequence type 167 Escherichia coli strain sanji with novel in silico serotype O89b:H9

Xiancheng Zeng, Xuelin Chi, Brian T. Ho, Damee Moon, Christine Lambert, Richard J. Hall, Primo Baybayan, Shihua Wang, Brenda A. Wilson, Mengfei Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Extensive drug resistance (XDR) is an escalating global problem. Escherichia coli strain Sanji was isolated from an outbreak of pheasant colibacillosis in Fujian province, China, in 2011. This strain has XDR properties, exhibiting sensitivity to carbapenems but no other classes of known antibiotics. Whole-genome sequencing revealed a total of 32 known antibiotic resistance genes, many associated with insertion sequence 26 (IS26) elements. These were found on the Sanji chromosome and 2 of its 6 plasmids, pSJ_255 and pSJ_82. The Sanji chromosome also harbors a type 2 secretion system (T2SS), a type 3 secretion system (T3SS), a type 6 secretion system (T6SS), and several putative prophages. Sanji and other ST167 strains have a previously uncharacterized O-antigen (O89b) that is most closely related to serotype O89 as determined on the basis of analysis of the wzm-wzt genes and in silico serotyping. This O89b-antigen gene cluster was also found in the genomes of a few other pathogenic sequence type 617 (ST617) and ST10 complex strains. A time-scaled phylogeny inferred from comparative single nucleotide variant analysis indicated that development of these O89b-containing lineages emerged about 30 years ago. Comparative sequence analysis revealed that the core genome of Sanji is nearly identical to that of several recently sequenced strains of pathogenic XDR E. coli belonging to the ST167 group. Comparison of the mobile elements among the different ST167 genomes revealed that each genome carries a distinct set of multidrug resistance genes on different types of plasmids, indicating that there are multiple paths toward the emergence of XDR in E. coli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0024218
JournalmSystems
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Capsular polysaccharide
  • Extensively drug resistant
  • Genome comparison
  • Insertion sequence
  • O-antigen
  • Pathogen evolution
  • Plasmid-mediated resistance
  • Prophage
  • Secretion systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Computer Science Applications

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