Community influences on adjustment in first grade: An examination of an integrated process model

Margaret O.Brien Caughy, Saundra Rice Murray Nettles, Patricia J. O'Campo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We examined the impact of neighborhood characteristics both directly and indirectly as mediated by parent coaching and the parent/child affective relationship on behavioral and school adjustment in a sample of urban dwelling first graders. We used structural equations modeling to assess model fit and estimate direct, indirect, and total effects of neighborhood structural and social characteristics on parenting behavior and child outcomes. Observed physical incivilities in the neighborhood were associated with lower levels of parent eliciting behavior and higher levels of child behavior problems. The effects of neighborhood structural characteristics were mediated partially through neighborhood community involvement with children, which had a direct significant impact on parent eliciting behavior and an indirect effect on child behavior problems. Neighborhood community involvement with children was associated with higher levels of parent eliciting behavior and lower levels of child behavior problems. Observed physical incivilities had a significant indirect association with poor school adjustment and a marginally significant association with positive school adjustment to first grade. Neighborhood community involvement with children was more strongly associated with positive school adjustment than poor school adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-836
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Behavior problems
  • Neighborhood
  • Parenting
  • School adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

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