Combustion in an optical diesel engine fueled with diesel and bio-diesel fuels using multiple injection strategies

Tiegang Fang, Chia Fon F. Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

An optically accessible single-cylinder high speed direct-injection (HSDI) Diesel engine was used to study the combustion process using different fuels including European low sulfur diesel and biodiesel fuels with multiple injection strategies. Influences of injection timings and fuel type on liquid fuel evolution and combustion characteristics were studied under similar loads. In-cylinder pressure was measured for heat release analysis. High-speed combustion video was also captured for all the studied cases using the same frame rate. NOx emissions were measured in the exhaust pipe. Different combustion modes including conventional diesel combustion and low-temperature combustion were confirmed from the heat release rates and the combustion images. Soot luminosity was found consistently lower for bio-diesel fuel than the European diesel fuel showing less soot emissions for all the cases. However, for NOx emissions, under conventional combustion cases, it was found that biodiesel fuel leads to increased NOx emissions. But for low-temperature combustion modes, NOx emissions were lower for bio-diesel fuel than the diesel fuel. Simultaneous reduction of NOx and soot was achieved for advanced low-temperature combustion mode.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007 "Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion"
PublisherCombustion Institute
Pages145-158
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781604239454
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
EventFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007: Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion - Charlottesville, United States
Duration: Oct 21 2007Oct 24 2007

Publication series

NameFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007 "Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion"

Other

OtherFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007: Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion
CountryUnited States
CityCharlottesville
Period10/21/0710/24/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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