Combining localized surface plasmon resonance with anodic stripping voltammetry for heavy metal ion detection

Nantao Li, Diming Zhang, Qian Zhang, Yanli Lu, Jing Jiang, Gang Logan Liu, Qingjun Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this proof-of-concept study, we proposed a dual detection method for heavy metal ions based on nanostructured sensor device. This sensor device, named nano Lycurgus cup array, was characterized with hybrid structure of nano-scaled cups and gold nanoparticles. The hybrid periodic nanostructure could trigger localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) phenomenon, which was highly sensitive to refractive index changes. Then electrochemical measurement of anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) was combined with LSPR for synchronous heavy metal ions detection, i.e., galvanizing metal ions onto the surface of the nanodevice whilst quantitatively recording electrochemical signals. Combining the electrochemical method with LSPR measurement, the dual detection system demonstrated a detection limit of part-per-billion level for aqueous heavy metal ions, such as lead, copper, and zinc. The LSPR measurement demonstrated a higher signal to noise rate (SNR) than electrochemical measurement and promising accuracy even with the presence of mixed solution, and was proved immune to the mechanical fluidic disturbance during the stripping phase which would deteriorate electrochemical signal in traditional electrochemical voltammogram. By presenting electrochemical signals on the dimension of LSPR, our method could be applied in highly integrated detection systems for on-spot detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016


  • Anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV)
  • Heavy metal ion
  • Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)
  • Nano lycurgus cup array
  • Nanosensor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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