### Abstract

The spaces of coinvariants are quotient spaces of integrable s-fractur sign and l-fractur sign_{2} modules by subspaces generated by the actions of certain subalgebras labeled by a set of points on a complex line. When all the points are distinct, the spaces of coinvariants essentially coincide with the spaces of conformai blocks in the WZW conformal field theory and their dimensions are given by the Verlinde rule. We describe monomial bases for the s-fractur sign and l-fractur sign_{2} spaces of coinvariants, In particular, we prove that the spaces of coinvariants have the same dimensions when all the points coincide. We establish recurrence relations satisfied by the monomial bases and the corresponding characters of the spaces of coinvariants. For the proof we use filtrations of the s-fractur sign and l-fractur sign _{2} modules. The adjoint graded spaces are certain modules on the loop Heisenberg algebra. The recurrence relation is established by using filtrations on these modules.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 419-474 |

Number of pages | 56 |

Journal | Selecta Mathematica, New Series |

Volume | 8 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2002 |

Externally published | Yes |

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### Keywords

- Affine Lie algebra
- Combinatorics
- Conformal field theory

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Mathematics(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)

### Cite this

_{2}spaces of coinvariants: Loop Heisenberg modules and recursion.

*Selecta Mathematica, New Series*,

*8*(3), 419-474. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00029-002-8112-4