Colossal positive magnetoresistance in surface-passivated oxygen-deficient strontium titanite

Adrian David, Yufeng Tian, Ping Yang, Xingyu Gao, Weinan Lin, Amish B. Shah, Jian Min Zuo, Wilfrid Prellier, Tom Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Modulation of resistance by an external magnetic field, i.e. magnetoresistance effect, has been a long-lived theme of research due to both fundamental science and device applications. Here we report colossal positive magnetoresistance (CPMR) (>30,000% at a temperature of 2 K and a magnetic field of 9 T) discovered in degenerate semiconducting strontium titanite (SrTiO3) single crystals capped with ultrathin SrTiO3/LaAlO3 bilayers. The low-pressure high-temperature homoepitaxial growth of several unit cells of SrTiO3 introduces oxygen vacancies and high-mobility carriers in the bulk SrTiO3, and the three-unit-cell LaAlO3 capping layer passivates the surface and improves carrier mobility by suppressing surface-defect-related scattering. The coexistence of multiple types of carriers and inhomogeneous transport lead to the emergence of CPMR. This unit-cell-level surface engineering approach is promising to be generalized to others oxides, and to realize devices with high-mobility carriers and interesting magnetoelectronic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number10255
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - May 15 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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