Color-blind racial ideology theory, training, and measurement implications in psychology

Helen A Neville, Germine H. Awad, James E. Brooks, Michelle P. Flores, Jamie Bluemel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Synthesizing the interdisciplinary literature, we character-ize color-blind racial ideology (CBRI) as consisting of two interrelated domains: color-evasion (i.e., denial of racial differences by emphasizing sameness) and power-evasion (i.e., denial of racism by emphasizing equal opportunities). Mounting empirical data suggest that the color-evasion dimension is ineffective and in fact promotes interracial tension and potential inequality. CBRI may be conceived as an ultramodern or contemporary form of racism and a legitimizing ideology used to justify the racial status quo. Four types of CBRI are described: denial of (a) race, (b) blatant racial issues, (c) institutional racism, and (d) White privilege. We discuss empirical findings suggesting a rela-tionship between CBRI and increased racial prejudice, racial anger, and racial fear. Implications for education, training, and research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-466
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Psychologist
Volume68
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint

Racism
Color
Psychology
Anger
Fear
Ideology
Education
Research
Denial (Psychology)
Evasion
Denial

Keywords

  • Color-blind racial ideology
  • Discrimination
  • Prejudice
  • Racial be-liefs
  • Racism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Color-blind racial ideology theory, training, and measurement implications in psychology. / Neville, Helen A; Awad, Germine H.; Brooks, James E.; Flores, Michelle P.; Bluemel, Jamie.

In: American Psychologist, Vol. 68, No. 6, 09.2013, p. 455-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neville, Helen A ; Awad, Germine H. ; Brooks, James E. ; Flores, Michelle P. ; Bluemel, Jamie. / Color-blind racial ideology theory, training, and measurement implications in psychology. In: American Psychologist. 2013 ; Vol. 68, No. 6. pp. 455-466.
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