We study the head-on collision of two equal-mass, nonrotating black holes. We consider various cases, from holes surrounded by a common horizon to holes separated by about 20M, where M is the mass of each hole. The wave forms and energy output are computed, showing that normal modes of the final black hole are clearly excited. We also estimate analytically the total gravitational radiation emitted, considering tidal heating of horizons and other effects. The analytic calculations, perturbation theory, and strong-field, nonlinear numerical calculations agree very well with each other.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)