Collaborative defense against data injection attack in IEC61850 based smart substations

Richard Macwan, Christopher Drew, Prosper Panumpabi, Alfonso Valdes, Nitin Vaidya, Pete Sauer, Dmitry Ishchenko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As the power distribution grid moves towards actualizing the concept of a smart grid, the dependence of reliable and secure grid operation on the communication architecture and data is increasing rapidly, along with the possible cyber-attack surface. In this paper first an agreement algorithm for a distribution substation with radial topology is presented that leverages the communication capabilities under the IEC61850 standard, along with basic power system concepts such as Kirchhoff's laws, to detect and locate a data injection attack in the communication system, a relay misconfiguration or a sensor failure that can cause an incorrect response to actual or apparent fault currents. Then a setup for a collaborative mechanism using the algorithm to detect and deter the impacts of such a data injection attack under different grid operating scenarios is introduced. The results of the demonstration of this setup, presented here, show that the proposed collaborative mechanism is consistently able to detect and deter the impacts of data injection and misconfiguration attacks as well as sensor failures in the IEC61850-based smart substation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2016
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781509041688
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2016
Event2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2016 - Boston, United States
Duration: Jul 17 2016Jul 21 2016

Publication series

NameIEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting
Volume2016-November
ISSN (Print)1944-9925
ISSN (Electronic)1944-9933

Other

Other2016 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, PESGM 2016
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period7/17/167/21/16

Keywords

  • Data injection
  • Error-correcting code
  • Hardware-in-loop
  • IEC61850
  • Substation protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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