Coherent structures in oscillatory flows within the laminar-to-turbulent transition regime for smooth and rough walls

Anna Mujal-Colilles, Kenneth T. Christensen, Allen Bateman, Marcelo H. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigate coherent structures present in oscillatory boundary layers over smooth and rough beds for Reynolds numbers between 103 and 104, in the transition to turbulence regime. A two-camera 2D- particle image velocimetry (PIV) system was used to visualize coherent structures in an oscillatory-flow tunnel. The obtained results show that smooth-bed flow is populated by vortex-tube structures that are formed due to the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability. Three types of coherent structures are observed in the rough-wall experiments: vortices randomly distributed in space; turbulent bursts – spatial structures without a clear shape compared to vortices but with a longer life than the former; and shear layers of vortices originating due to flow separation from some of the grains on the bed. The reported study contributes to the description of coherent structures in oscillatory flows that are captured with the PIV technique, particularly a new structure in flows over rough beds in the transition to turbulence regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-515
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Research
Volume54
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2016

Keywords

  • Boundary layer turbulence
  • coherent structures
  • oscillatory flows
  • particle image velocimetry (PIV)
  • transition to turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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