Cognitive Correlates of Emotional Traits: Perceptions of Self and Others

Mügé Dizén, Howard Berenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two studies examined how individuals' perceptions of self and others are associated with different emotional traits. Study 1 (N = 386) used structural equation modeling of questionnaire data to examine the relations between emotional traits (i.e., affect intensity, affect variability, and trait pleasant and unpleasant affect) and self- and other-perceptions (i.e., self-instability, self-esteem, other-instability, and perceived treatment by others). Study 2 (N = 99) used path analyses of data collected using an event sampling method in which online measures of emotional experiences (i.e., intensity, frequency, and variability of pleasant and unpleasant affect) as well as perceptions of self and others (i.e., self-instability, self-esteem, other-instability, perceived treatment by others) were collected. The strongest and most consistent finding was that affect variability was associated with both self- and other-instability. The results linking affect intensity with self- and other-instability were limited to negative intensity. There was also evidence of pleasant affect being associated with both self-esteem and perceived treatment by others, and unpleasant affect being associated with self-esteem and other-instability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2011


  • Affect intensity
  • Affect variability
  • Emotional traits
  • Perception of others
  • Self perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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