Cognitive correlates of a functional COMT polymorphism in children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Vandana Shashi, M. S. Keshavan, T. D. Howard, M. N. Berry, M. J. Basehore, E. Lewandowski, T. R. Kwapil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a common microdeletion syndrome associated with a markedly elevated risk of schizophrenia in adulthood. Cognitive impairments such as a low IQ and deficits in attention and executive function are common in childhood. The catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene maps the deleted region and is involved in the degradation of dopamine, a neurotransmitter thought to be important in cognition and development of schizophrenia. Thus, we examined the correlation neurocognitive deficits and a common polymorphism Val158Met in the COMT gene in a cohort of children with 22q11DS. Our results show that children with 22q11DS who have the Met allele have higher IQ and achievement scores and perform better on measures of prefrontal cognition, such as the Continuous performance Task, as compared with those with the Valallele. These results confirm that the hemizygous COMT Val158Met genotype impacts upon cognition in children with 22q11DS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-238
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • COMT polymorphism
  • Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
  • DiGeorge syndrome
  • Schizophrenia
  • Velocardiofacial syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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