Cognitive control in age-related hearing loss: A narrative review

Shraddha A. Shende, Raksha A. Mudar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Recent evidence suggests links between hearing loss and cognitive impairment in older adults with peripheral age-related hearing loss (ARHL). Earliest cognitive changes have been observed in cognitive control; however, a cohesive account of cognitive control alterations in older adults with peripheral ARHL is lacking. Cognitive control refers to cognitive processes that manage and regulate one's behavior to achieve desired goals. This review summarizes behavioral evidence on alterations in three cognitive control processes, including cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control, and working memory updating, in individuals with ARHL. Of the three processes, cognitive flexibility and working memory updating have been most extensively studied, with relatively fewer studies examining inhibitory control. Most consistent evidence is observed for long-term changes in cognitive flexibility, particularly in individuals with greater severity of ARHL. Equivocal evidence is seen for alterations in inhibitory control and working memory updating, with various factors contributing to inconsistencies across studies. Our review summarizes the emerging body of research on cognitive control in individuals with ARHL to guide future work in this area and considerations related to the management of cognitive issues in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108814
JournalHearing Research
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023


  • ARHL
  • Cognitive control
  • Cognitive flexibility
  • Inhibitory control
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems


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