Cognitive and social bases of emotional experience: Outcome, attribution, and affect

Eliot R. Smith, James R. Kluegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Analyzed the relations between cognition and emotion, particularly emotions experienced upon success or failure in achievement-related contexts and their dependencies on causal attributions for the outcome. National survey data were used to investigate emotions reported by 1,507 respondents in terms of their perceived financial position in life and their attributions for their position. The study also examined direct and indirect effects of social status and demographic variables on emotions when outcome and attributions were controlled. Results suggest the extension of past models of cognition-emotion links to include consideration of the individual's social context. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1141
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1982
Externally publishedYes


  • causal attribution for perceived financial success, survey respondents over 18 yrs old
  • demographic variables, emotions engendered by &
  • social status &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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