This work addresses the construction of a reduced-order model based on a multigroup maximum entropy formulation for application to high-enthalpy nonequilibrium flows. The method seeks a piecewise quadratic representation of the internal energy-state populations by lumping internal energy levels into groups and by applying the maximum entropy principle in conjunction with the method of moments. The use of higher-order polynomials allows for an accurate representation of the logarithm of the distribution of the low-lying energy states, while preserving an accurate description of the linear portions of the logarithm of the distribution function that characterize the intermediate- and high-energy states. A comparison of the quadratic and the linear reconstructions clearly demonstrates how the higher-order reconstruction provides a more accurate representation of the internal population distribution function at a modest increase in the computational cost. Numerical simulations carried out under conditions relevant to hypersonic flight reveal that the proposed model is able to capture the dynamics of the nonequilibrium distribution function using as few as three groups, thereby reducing the computational costs for simulations of nonequilibrium flows.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics