The ubiquinol: cytochrome‐c oxidoreductase (cytochrome bc1 complex) is a central component of the mitochondrial respiratory chain as well as the respiratory and/or photosynthetic systems of numerous prokaryotic organisms. In Rhodobacter sphaeroides, the bc1 complex has a dual function. When the cells are grown photosynthetically, the bc1 complex is present in the intracytoplasmic membrane and is a critical component of the cyclic electron transport system. When the cells are grown in the dark in the presence of oxygen, the same bc1 complex is a necessary component of the cytochrome‐c2‐dependent respiratory chain. The fact that the bc1 complex from R. sphaeroides has been extensively studied, plus the ability to manipulate this organism genetically, makes this an ideal system for using site‐directed mutagenesis to address questions relating to the structure and function of the bc1 complex. In the current work, the cloning and complete sequence of the fbc operon from R. sphaeroides is reported. As in other bacteria, this operon contains three genes, encoding the Rieske 2Fe–2S subunit, the cytochrome b subunit, and the cytochrome c1 subunit. Recombination techniques were used to delete the entire fbc operon from the chromosome. The resulting strain cannot grow photosynthetically, but can grow aerobically utilizing a quinol oxidase. Photosynthetic growth is restored by providing fbc operon on a plasmid, and the reappearance of the protein subunits and the spectroscopic features due to the bc1 complex are also demonstrated. Finally, a mutation is introduced within the gene encoding the cytochrome b subunit which is predicted to confer resistance to the inhibitor myxothiazol. It is shown that the resulting strain contains a functional bc1 complex which, as expected, is resistant to the inhibitor. Hence, this system is suitable for the detailed characterization of the bc1 complex, combining site‐directed mutagenesis with the biochemical and biophysical techniques which have been previously developed for the study of photosynthetic bacteria.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 1990|
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