Objectives: The aim of this study was to compile an overview of the clinical features of intracranial complication of otitis media/interna (OMI) in cats managed across five veterinary referral hospitals. Of additional interest were culture results that could inform empirical antibiotic selection, as well as outcome with both medical and surgical management. Methods: A retrospective medical record review was conducted at five veterinary referral practices to identify cats with a diagnosis of intracranial complication secondary to OMI between 2009 and 2017. Clinical features, diagnostic findings, treatment and outcome were recorded. Results: At total of 19 cats were identified. Sixty-three percent had no previous history of ear infection. Otoscopic examination was normal in 47% of cases. The most common bacterial isolate was Pasteurella multocida, which was identified in 24% of cases. Outcome was successful for 83% of cats managed with ventral bulla osteotomy (VBO) and in 66% of cats managed without surgical intervention. Conclusions and relevance: Clinical suspicion of intracranial complications of OMI should remain high in cats with central vestibular disease even if otoscopic examination is normal. Antibiotic selection should be based on a culture and sensitivity; however, initial antibiotic therapy should include broad-spectrum coverage with special consideration for P multocida. Cats with intracranial complications of OMI can have a good outcome with either surgical or medical management and prospective studies are needed to assess the role of VBO in enhancing recovery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Small Animals