Clinical application of the small I-Loc interlocking nail in 30 feline fractures: A prospective study

Danielle M. Marturello, Karen L. Perry, Loïc M. Déjardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe medium-term functional outcome after nail osteosynthesis in feline traumatology and report clinically relevant recommendations for I-Loc angle-stable interlocking nail use in cats. Study design: Prospective clinical study. Sample population: Client-owned cats (n = 29). Methods: Consecutive cases with femoral, tibial, or humeral fractures were included. Outcome measures included fracture and surgical procedure description, limb alignment, nail size vs body weight (BW), percentage of nail medullary canal (MC) fill, time to limb function at clinical union (CU), and complications. Descriptive statistics were reported and compared with historical data. Results: Bone distribution was 53.3% femora, 30% tibiae, and 16.7% humeri. There were six epimetaphyseal and 24 diaphyseal fractures. Overall, 67% of fractures were comminuted. Open reduction and minimally invasive techniques were used in 73% and 27% of cases, respectively. Seventeen I-Loc 3 (cat mean BW 4.4 ± 2.2 kg) and 13 I-Loc 4 (cat mean BW 5.2 ± 1.2 kg) nails were placed with mean MC fill of ≤50%. Average time to CU was 7.2 weeks. At CU, lameness had resolved or was mild in every cat, and all cats ultimately regained full limb function. No major complications were encountered. Conclusion: Because of improved CU times, excellent functional outcomes, and low complication rate, our results provide evidence that I-Loc nails are safe and effective for feline traumatology. Clinical significance: The I-Loc may be advantageous for fixation of epimetaphyseal fractures. Because of feline bone specific dimensional constraints, I-Loc 3 is likely appropriate for all feline humeri and most tibiae, while I-Loc 4 is well sized for feline femora.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)588-599
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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