Clinical and histologic effects of intracardiac administration of propofol for induction of anesthesia in ball pythons (Python regius)

Michael S. McFadden, R. Avery Bennett, Drury R. Reavill, Guillaume R. Ragetly, Stuart C. Clark-Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective-To assess the clinical differences between induction of anesthesia in ball pythons with intracardiac administration of propofol and induction with isoflurane in oxygen and to assess the histologic findings over time in hearts following intracardiac administration of propofol. Design-Prospective randomized study. Animals-30 hatchling ball pythons (Python regius). Procedures-Anesthesia was induced with intracardiac administration of propofol (10 mg/ kg [4.5 mg/lb]) in 18 ball pythons and with 5% isoflurane in oxygen in 12 ball pythons. Induction time, time of anesthesia, and recovery time were recorded. Hearts from snakes receiving intracardiac administration of propofol were evaluated histologically 3, 7, 14, 30, and 60 days following propofol administration. Results-Induction time with intracardiac administration of propofol was significantly shorter than induction time with 5% isoflurane in oxygen. No significant differences were found in total anesthesia time. Recovery following intracardiac administration of propofol was significantly longer than recovery following induction of anesthesia with isoflurane in oxygen. Heart tissue evaluated histologically at 3, 7, and 14 days following intracardiac administration of propofol had mild inflammatory changes, and no histopathologic lesions were seen 30 and 60 days following propofol administration. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Intracardiac injection of propofol in snakes is safe and provides a rapid induction of anesthesia but leads to prolonged recovery, compared with that following induction with isoflurane. Histopathologic lesions in heart tissues following intracardiac injection of propofol were mild and resolved after 14 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)803-807
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume239
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Clinical and histologic effects of intracardiac administration of propofol for induction of anesthesia in ball pythons (Python regius)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this