Classification and Moral Evaluation of Uncertainties in Engineering Modeling

Colleen Murphy, Paolo Gardoni, Charles E. Harris, Jr.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Engineers must deal with risks and uncertainties as a part of their professional work and, in particular, uncertainties are inherent to engineering models. Models play a central role in engineering. Models often represent an abstract and idealized version of the mathematical properties of a target. Using models, engineers can investigate and acquire understanding of how an object or phenomenon will perform under specified conditions. This paper defines the different stages of the modeling process in engineering, classifies the various sources of uncertainty that arise in each stage, and discusses the categories into which these uncertainties fall. The paper then considers the way uncertainty and modeling are approached in science and the criteria for evaluating scientific hypotheses, in order to highlight the very different criteria appropriate for the development of models and the treatment of the inherent uncertainties in engineering. Finally, the paper puts forward nine guidelines for the treatment of uncertainty in engineering modeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-570
Number of pages18
JournalScience and Engineering Ethics
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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Uncertainty
uncertainty
engineering
evaluation
engineer
Engineers
Modeling
Evaluation
Guidelines
science

Keywords

  • Engineering
  • Modeling
  • Risk
  • Science
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Health Policy
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Classification and Moral Evaluation of Uncertainties in Engineering Modeling. / Murphy, Colleen; Gardoni, Paolo; Harris, Jr., Charles E.

In: Science and Engineering Ethics, Vol. 17, No. 3, 01.09.2011, p. 553-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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