The branchiopods found in inland aquatic habitats are a heterogeneous group of crustaceans. There are more than 2,000 described species, and new taxa are still being discovered. Included in this group are fairy shrimps (Anostraca), tadpole shrimps (Notostraca), smooth clam shrimps (Laevicaudata), spiny clam shrimps (Spinicaudata), tropical clam shrimps (Cyclestherida), (the so called "large branchiopods") and the various species of "water-fleas" (Cladocera). In this chapter, we review the similarities and differences among the groups in their morphology, physiology, reproduction, behavior and ecology. We also provide methods for field collections, sample preparation and culturing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThorp and Covich's Freshwater Invertebrates
Subtitle of host publicationEcology and General Biology: Fourth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9780123850270
ISBN (Print)9780123850263
StatePublished - 2015


  • Branchinecta
  • Daphnia
  • Diapause
  • Triops

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General Environmental Science


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