Chlorine decay and disinfection by-products formation during chlorination of biofilms formed with simulated drinking water containing corrosion inhibitors

Xiaoyang Shi, Gemma G. Clark, Conghui Huang, Thanh H. Nguyen, Baoling Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Corrosion inhibitors used to reduce pipe corrosion can alter the physical structure and biochemical components of the biofilm in premise plumbing systems. We studied the effects of corrosion inhibitors on chlorine decay and associated disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation by biofilms grown with simulated drinking water amended with silicate, phosphate, and the phosphate blends. Experiments were conducted with either intact biofilms or biofilm materials dispersed in solution during sonication (referred to as biomass). While there was no significant difference in chlorine decay among biomass from different biofilms, biomass from the phosphate blend biofilm showed the lowest trihalomethane (THMs) and haloacetic acids (HAAs) formation. The chlorine decay rate constants from the biofilm experiment were ranked as: phosphate blends > phosphate ≈ groundwater (GW) > silicate. The kinetics of chlorine decay and formation of DBPs were successfully described by pseudo-first-order kinetics. These fitting parameters were used to predict the DBPs formation in a realistic premise plumbing system. The results showed that biofilm-derived THMs and HAAs increased with increasing chlorine concentration, while THMs and HAAs first increased and then stabilized to a maximum with increasing biofilm total organic carbon (TOC) concentration. In general, the biofilms grown with phosphate-based corrosion inhibitors resulted in lower DBPs formation yield but higher bacterial release, which could potentially increase the risk of user exposure to opportunistic pathogens in drinking water. The silicate biofilms showed the largest yield coefficient of DBPs formation but had the least biomass and lower bacterial release.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number152763
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume815
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • Bacteria release
  • Biofilm
  • Chlorine decay
  • Corrosion inhibitors
  • Disinfection by-products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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