Chicago, garveyism, and the history of the diasporic midwest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article analyses the dynamic history of Garveyism in Chicago, Illinois (USA). The Jamaican black nationalist Marcus Garvey's message of racial pride, African redemption, and black self-determination electrified black Chicagoans. Thousands of blacks in this Midwestern industrial city joined Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). At its peak in the early 1920s, the UNIA claimed six million members worldwide. Chicago was highly regarded in the transnational UNIA. Black women played a critical role in building this Pan-African movement in the Windy City. The Chicago UNIA spawned black nationalist political and religious movements in this city from the 1920s onward. Tracing the largely unknown story provides insight into the broader history of what I call the diasporic Midwest. I use the term as a theoretical and analytical framework to extend the geographical scope of the African Diaspora, to internationalize African-American history, to consider the gendered contours and paradoxes of Pan-Africanism and black nationalism, and to chart a genealogy of Black Power.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-145
Number of pages17
JournalAfrican and Black Diaspora
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2015

Fingerprint

history
religious movement
political movement
self-determination
diaspora
genealogy
nationalism
Negroes
History
1920s
Africa
Nationalists
American
Self-determination
African American History
Pan-Africanism
Charts
Religious Movements
Black Power
Black Nationalism

Keywords

  • Chicago
  • UNIA
  • diasporic midwest
  • garveyism
  • marcus garvey
  • masculinism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Chicago, garveyism, and the history of the diasporic midwest. / McDuffie, Erik S.

In: African and Black Diaspora, Vol. 8, No. 2, 03.07.2015, p. 129-145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6543718f7766479a87b7d09995781285,
title = "Chicago, garveyism, and the history of the diasporic midwest",
abstract = "This article analyses the dynamic history of Garveyism in Chicago, Illinois (USA). The Jamaican black nationalist Marcus Garvey's message of racial pride, African redemption, and black self-determination electrified black Chicagoans. Thousands of blacks in this Midwestern industrial city joined Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). At its peak in the early 1920s, the UNIA claimed six million members worldwide. Chicago was highly regarded in the transnational UNIA. Black women played a critical role in building this Pan-African movement in the Windy City. The Chicago UNIA spawned black nationalist political and religious movements in this city from the 1920s onward. Tracing the largely unknown story provides insight into the broader history of what I call the diasporic Midwest. I use the term as a theoretical and analytical framework to extend the geographical scope of the African Diaspora, to internationalize African-American history, to consider the gendered contours and paradoxes of Pan-Africanism and black nationalism, and to chart a genealogy of Black Power.",
keywords = "Chicago, UNIA, diasporic midwest, garveyism, marcus garvey, masculinism",
author = "McDuffie, {Erik S}",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/17528631.2015.1027332",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "129--145",
journal = "African and Black Diaspora",
issn = "1752-8631",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chicago, garveyism, and the history of the diasporic midwest

AU - McDuffie, Erik S

PY - 2015/7/3

Y1 - 2015/7/3

N2 - This article analyses the dynamic history of Garveyism in Chicago, Illinois (USA). The Jamaican black nationalist Marcus Garvey's message of racial pride, African redemption, and black self-determination electrified black Chicagoans. Thousands of blacks in this Midwestern industrial city joined Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). At its peak in the early 1920s, the UNIA claimed six million members worldwide. Chicago was highly regarded in the transnational UNIA. Black women played a critical role in building this Pan-African movement in the Windy City. The Chicago UNIA spawned black nationalist political and religious movements in this city from the 1920s onward. Tracing the largely unknown story provides insight into the broader history of what I call the diasporic Midwest. I use the term as a theoretical and analytical framework to extend the geographical scope of the African Diaspora, to internationalize African-American history, to consider the gendered contours and paradoxes of Pan-Africanism and black nationalism, and to chart a genealogy of Black Power.

AB - This article analyses the dynamic history of Garveyism in Chicago, Illinois (USA). The Jamaican black nationalist Marcus Garvey's message of racial pride, African redemption, and black self-determination electrified black Chicagoans. Thousands of blacks in this Midwestern industrial city joined Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). At its peak in the early 1920s, the UNIA claimed six million members worldwide. Chicago was highly regarded in the transnational UNIA. Black women played a critical role in building this Pan-African movement in the Windy City. The Chicago UNIA spawned black nationalist political and religious movements in this city from the 1920s onward. Tracing the largely unknown story provides insight into the broader history of what I call the diasporic Midwest. I use the term as a theoretical and analytical framework to extend the geographical scope of the African Diaspora, to internationalize African-American history, to consider the gendered contours and paradoxes of Pan-Africanism and black nationalism, and to chart a genealogy of Black Power.

KW - Chicago

KW - UNIA

KW - diasporic midwest

KW - garveyism

KW - marcus garvey

KW - masculinism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930273379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930273379&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/17528631.2015.1027332

DO - 10.1080/17528631.2015.1027332

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84930273379

VL - 8

SP - 129

EP - 145

JO - African and Black Diaspora

JF - African and Black Diaspora

SN - 1752-8631

IS - 2

ER -