Chemical, Morphological, and Fundamental Properties of Rejuvenated Asphalt Binders

Rayhan Bin Ahmed, Kamal Hossain, Ramez M. Hajj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the chemical characteristics of rejuvenators and the effect of different rejuvenators on the morphology and fundamental behavior of rejuvenated asphalt binders. Gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were conducted to determine the chemical composition of rejuvenators and asphalt surfaces' morphology. Also, surface free energy (SFE) measurements were performed to quantify the cohesive bond energy of rejuvenated binders. The thin film oven test (TFOT)-aged performance graded (PG) 58-28 binder was rejuvenated with waste cooking oil (UT), chemically modified waste cooking oil (TR), and Hydrolene H90T (HL) at concentrations of 3%, 6%, and 9% by weight of the total binder. To understand the compatibility, styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) was also blended with rejuvenated binders. The experimental study found the variability of free fatty acid compositions in rejuvenators, which is hypothesized to affect pavement performance. Results showed that rejuvenation alters the surface microstructure of binders, which provides insights into the overall performance of the binder. Also, rejuvenation improves the moisture damage resistance of binders significantly. This experimental study found a good correlation between the chemical, morphological, and fundamental behavior of the rejuvenated binders, which is expected to help quantify the performance of rejuvenated asphalt mixes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number0003564
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • Chemical composition
  • Cohesive bond energy
  • Free fatty acid (FFA)
  • Moisture damage
  • Morphology
  • Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP)
  • Surface free energy (SFE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials

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