Charge imbalance induced by a temperature gradient in superconducting aluminum

H. Jonathon Mamin, John Clarke, D. J. Van Harlingen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The quasiparticle transport current induced in a superconducting aluminum film by a temperature gradient has been measured by means of the spatially decaying charge imbalance generated near the end of the sample where the current is divergent. The magnitude and decay length of the charge imbalance are in good agreement with the predictions of a simple model that takes into account the nonuniformity of the temperature gradient. The inferred value of the thermopower in the superconducting state agrees reasonably well with the value measured in the normal state. Measurements of the decay length of charge imbalance induced by current injection yield a value of the inelastic relaxation time E of about 2 ns. This value is substantially smaller than that obtained from other measurements for reasons that are not known.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3881-3890
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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