Characterizing the interactions between copper ions and dissolved organic matter using fluorescence excitation–emission matrices with two-dimensional Savitzky–Golay second-order differentiation

Shu Liu, Hiroaki Shirai, Jinxing Zuo, Xiaolong Yang, Xiaomin Li, Mohammed Kamruzzaman, Wenhong Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Monitoring dissolved organic matter (DOM) content in aquatic environments is crucial for not only understanding the dynamics of heavy metals but also predicting their bioavailability. Fluorescence spectroscopy is typically employed to characterise DOM. Here, the interaction between DOM and trace metals was investigated by combining excitation–emission matrix (EEM) quenching with two-dimensional Savitzky–Golay second-order differentiation (2D-SG-2nd-df) analysis. The 2D-SG-2nd-df analysis decomposed the EEM spectra of commercial humic acid (HA) samples into six separate fluorescence peaks, which agreed with the results obtained through conventional parallel factor (PARAFAC) analysis. Compared with PARAFAC modeling, the 2D-SG-2nd-df approach provided more valid and reliable results when the dataset contained distinct samples. Moreover, since the results obtained from 2D-SG-2nd-df for each sample are independent, shifts in the peak wavelength can be reproduced more efficiently using this method. Triplicate titration experiments showed clear differences in HA–copper interactions for samples with different HA composition and molecular weight. The binding strength between copper and low-molecular-weight DOM in water was weaker than that observed for high-molecular-weight DOM. The results obtained in this study will serve as a basis for applying 2D-SG-2nd-df not only to DOM but also to other samples studied using EEM measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109834
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume188
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 30 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Copper
  • Fluorescence
  • Humic acid
  • Quenching
  • Two-dimensional Savitzky–Golay second-order differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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