Forty-eight chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients (pts) completed questionnaires that used linear analogue scales (LAS), yes/no responses, and demographic data collection to characterize sleep disorders. Twenty-five pts (52%) reported problems sleeping. These pts graded sleep problems significantly higher than those without sleep problems (6.5 ± 3 vs. 1.8 ± 2, p< 0.001 by LAS). Those with sleep disorders were more likely to smoke cigarettes (13/25 vs. 6/23, p < 0.05) and have bone pain (14/25 vs. 6/23, p < 0.05). No differences among pts with and without sleep problems were seen in age, gender, time on dialysis, caffeine intake, pruritus, feelings of sadness, worry, or anxiety, or Kt/V values (1.5 ± 0.2 vs. 1.4 ± 0.2, p < 0.13). Restless legs (84%), onset insomnia (76%), and nighttime (76%) and early A.M. waking (72%) characterized the sleep disorders; symptoms suggesting nocturnal myoclonus were less common (20%). We conclude that sleep disorders are common in HD pts and may be exacerbated by tobacco use, bone pain, and restless legs. Kt/V does not correlate with sleep disorders. Further examination of this problem, including formal sleep studies, is needed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Jul 1 1991|
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