Characterization of typical potent odorants in cola-flavored carbonated beverages by aroma extract dilution analysis

Yaowapa Lorjaroenphon, Keith R. Cadwallader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aroma-active compounds in typical cola-flavored carbonated beverages were characterized using gas chromatography - olfactometry and gas chromatography - mass spectrometry. The potent odorants in the top three U.S. brands of regular colas were identifi ed by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA). Among the numerous odorants identified, eugenol (spicy, clovelike, sweet) and coumarin (sweet, herbaceous) were predominant in all colas. Other predominant odorants in at least one brand included guaiacol (smoky) and linalool (floral, sweet), while 1,8-cineole (minty, eucalyptus-like) was a moderately potent odorant in all colas. Determination of the enantiomeric compositions indicated that (R)-(-)-linalool (34.5%) was a more potent odorant than the (S)-(+)-enantiomer (65.6%) due to its much lower odor detection threshold. In addition, lemon-lime and cooling attributes determined by sensory descriptive analysis had the highest odor intensities among the eight sensory descriptors. The aroma profiles of the three colas were in good agreement with the potent odorants identified by AEDA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)769-775
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 2015

Keywords

  • Aroma extract dilution analysis
  • Cola-flavored carbonated beverage
  • Enantiomer
  • Potent odorant
  • Sensory descriptive analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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