Characterization of the uptake of 16α-([18F]fluoro)-17β-estradiol in DMBA-induced mammary tumors

Carla J. Mathias, Michael J. Welch, John A. Katzenellenbogen, James W. Brodack, Michael R. Kilbourn, Kathryn E. Carlson, Dale O. Kiesewetter

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In order to investigate possible correlations between the uptake of 16α-([18F]fluoro)-17β-estradiol (18F-ES) by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a) anthracene (DMBA)-induced tumors in rats and the estrogen receptor (ER) content of these tumors, a comprehensive study was performed in which the tissue distribution of 18F-ES was measured in tumor-bearing rats, together with simultaneous measurements of blood volume (by technetium-labeled red blood cells) and blood flow (by iodoantipyrine infusion). In addition, the time course of 18F-ES metabolism and the tissue distribution of the metabolites was studied. Metabolism of 18F-ES is very rapid, and after 2 h, most of the activity in blood and nontarget tissues is due to metabolites; target tissue activity, however, is due mainly to unmetabolized compound. Most of the circulating activity, both 18F-ES and its metabolites, is strongly associated with macromolecules or cells, and while the metabolites are not taken up selectively by target tissues, they do enter nontarget tissues. Tumor blood volume and blood flow vary widely, but not in a way that appears related to tumor necrosis. The uptake of 18F-ES by the uterus and DMBA-induced mammary tumors of adult rats reaches maximum levels (ca 0.35 and 0.10% I.D./g·kg, respectively) at early times (0-1 h), and drops slowly thereafter. The uterus to nontarget or tumour to nontarget tissue ratios, however, start low and continue to increase, reaching maximum levels (ca 20 and 15, respectively) at 2-3 h. There does not, however, appear to be a simple relationship between tumor uptake (either as % I.D./g·kg or tumor to nontarget ratio) measured at a single 3 h time point and tumor ER content, even considering differences in tumor blood flow. This suggests that an estimation of tumor ER content will require the application of more complex pharmacodynamic models that involve the measurement of the complete profile of receptor lignad uptake, retention, and washout from target to nontarget areas. The application of such models will be assisted by the development of estrogen receptor binding ligands that are not converted to circulating metabolites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-25
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Applications and Instrumentation.
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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