The cerebral ganglia neurons of Aplysia californica are involved in the development and modulation of many behaviors. The medially located F cluster has been characterized using morphological, electrophysiological and biochemical techniques and contains at least three previously uncharacterized neuronal population. As the three subtypes are located in three distinct layers, they are designated as top, middle, and bottom layer F-cluster neurons (CF(T), CF(M), and CF(B)). The CF(T) cells are large (92 ± 25 μm), white, nonuniformly shaped, and located partially in the sheath surrounding the ganglion. These neurons exhibit weak electrical coupling, the presence of synchronized spontaneous changes in membrane potential, and a generalized inhibitory input upon electrical stimulation of the anterior tentacular (AT) nerve. Similar to the CF(T) neurons, the CF(M) neurons (46 ± 12 μm) are mainly silent but do not show electrical coupling or synchronized changes in membrane potential. Unlike the CF(T) neurons, the CF(M) neurons exhibit weak action potential broadening during constant current injection. Comparison of the peptide profiles of CF(T), CF(M), and CF(B) (10-30 μm) neurons using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry demonstrates distinct peptide molecular weights for each neuronal subtype with the masses of these peptides not matching any previously characterized peptides from A. californica. The mass spectra obtained from the AT nerve are similar to the CF(T) neuron mass spectra, while upper labial nerve contains many peptides observed in the CF(M) neurons located in nongranular neuron region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1251-1260
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of neurophysiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Physiology


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