Characterization of heat recirculation effects on the stabilization of edge flames in the near-wake of a mixing layer

Zhanbin Lu, Moshe Matalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A fundamental study aimed at investigating the stabilization characteristics of edge flames established in the near-wake of two merging streams, one containing fuel and the other oxidizer, is presented, with the main focus placed on the effects of the thermal interaction between the flame and the splitter plate. To this end, a diffusive-thermal model characterized by constant gas density and transport coefficients is used for conditions at which flame liftoff is likely to occur. It is assumed that the incoming streams are of equal strain rates, that the fuel and oxidizer are supplied in stoichiometric proportion, and that the mass diffusivities of the reactants are equal, such that the resulting combustion field is symmetric with respect to the centerline extending from the splitter plate. The results indicate that the plate has a negligible effect on the edge flame unless the tip of the plate intrudes into the preheat zone of the curved premixed flame segment forming the edge flame. In an overall adiabatic system, the heat conducted from the flame to the plate is completely recirculated back to the reactants via the lateral surfaces of the plate, thus supporting an excess enthalpy flame in the near-wake. The average output heat flux, defined as the total heat output through the lateral surfaces of the plate divided by the characteristic length associated with the temperature variation along the plate, is identified as an appropriate measure to characterize the heat recirculation efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1799-1806
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2019


  • Edge flame
  • Heat recirculation
  • Jet diffusion flame
  • Mixing layer
  • Thermally active plate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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