Characterization of feline serum-cobalt binding

Amy N. Schnelle, Anne M. Barger, Amy L. Macneill, Mark Mitchell, Philip Solter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Oxidative stress inhibits albumin's ability to complex with cobalt. Feline serum-cobalt binding has not been described. Objectives: The objective was to develop a cobalt binding test for use with feline serum, and correlate the results with other biochemical and cellular constituents in blood, and with clinical diseases of cats. Methods: A colorimetric test of cobalt binding, based on the oxidation-reduction reaction of Co+2 and dithiothreitol, was developed using feline serum. The test was used to measure cobalt binding in stored serum from 176 cats presented to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital for a variety of disease conditions. Time-matched hematology and biochemical data, and clinical information, were obtained from the medical record of each cat and correlated with the serum-cobalt binding results. Results: Serial dilution of feline serum with phosphate-buffered saline resulted in a highly linear decrease in serum-cobalt binding (r2 = .9984). Serum-cobalt binding of the clinical samples also correlated with albumin concentrations in a stepwise linear regression model (r2 = .425), and both cobalt binding and albumin were significantly decreased in cases of inflammation. Albumin and cobalt binding also shared significant correlations with several erythron variables, and serum concentration of total calcium and bilirubin. Conclusions: The correlation of cobalt binding measured by a colorimetric test with albumin concentration in the clinical samples and with serum dilution is consistent with feline albumin-cobalt complex formation. Hypoalbuminemia is the likely cause of reduced serum-cobalt binding in inflammation and the correlations observed between cobalt binding and other variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-286
Number of pages12
JournalVeterinary Clinical Pathology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • Albumin-cobalt binding
  • Cats
  • Clinical pathology
  • Ischemia-modified albumin
  • Oxidative stress
  • Serum free radicals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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