Characterization of effector lymphocytes associated with immunity to murine sarcoma virus (MSV) induced tumors. II. Repeated stimulation and proliferation in vitro of specific cytolytic T lymphocytes

F. Plata, Cornelis Jongeneel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) and specific CTL precursor cells can be generated during the immune response to syngeneic tumors induced by murine sarcoma virus (MSV) in the mouse. MSV-immune spleen cells yield high numbers of specific CTL after incubation in vitro with irradiated tumor cells in syngeneic secondary mixed leukocyte-tumor cell cultures (sec-MLTC). Peak cytolytic activity generated in sec-MLTC is detectable on day 7 after culture initiation and decreases slowly thereafter. This report presents data showing that highly active CTL could be regenerated upon tertiary stimulation of long-term sec-MLTC with irradiated tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens. CTL activity recovered from tertiary MLTC could be detected in a short-term (3 hr) 51Cr release assay, and increased levels of cytolysis were already evident 24 hr after culture re-initiation. It was also shown that cells recovered from MLTC 12 days after tertiary restimulation could be further stimulated by specific tumor antigen in quaternary MLTC to yield increased CTL numbers. These results thus indicated that T lymphocytes could be repeatedly stimulated by specific tumor antigen in syngeneic MLTC to yield increasing numbers of cytolytic cells. Furthermore, the tumor antigen used for the initial stimulation of MSV-immune spleen cells in sec-MLTC appeared to have induced a specific selection of CTL precursor cells, since only syngeneic tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens were capable of inducing high levels of CTL regeneration in tertiary MLTC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-629
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume119
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1 1977

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Murine Sarcoma Viruses
Immunity
Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes
Neoplasms
Neoplasm Antigens
Leukocytes
Cell Culture Techniques
Spleen
In Vitro Techniques
Antigens
Lymphocyte Count
Regeneration
Cell Count

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of effector lymphocytes associated with immunity to murine sarcoma virus (MSV) induced tumors. II. Repeated stimulation and proliferation in vitro of specific cytolytic T lymphocytes",
abstract = "Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) and specific CTL precursor cells can be generated during the immune response to syngeneic tumors induced by murine sarcoma virus (MSV) in the mouse. MSV-immune spleen cells yield high numbers of specific CTL after incubation in vitro with irradiated tumor cells in syngeneic secondary mixed leukocyte-tumor cell cultures (sec-MLTC). Peak cytolytic activity generated in sec-MLTC is detectable on day 7 after culture initiation and decreases slowly thereafter. This report presents data showing that highly active CTL could be regenerated upon tertiary stimulation of long-term sec-MLTC with irradiated tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens. CTL activity recovered from tertiary MLTC could be detected in a short-term (3 hr) 51Cr release assay, and increased levels of cytolysis were already evident 24 hr after culture re-initiation. It was also shown that cells recovered from MLTC 12 days after tertiary restimulation could be further stimulated by specific tumor antigen in quaternary MLTC to yield increased CTL numbers. These results thus indicated that T lymphocytes could be repeatedly stimulated by specific tumor antigen in syngeneic MLTC to yield increasing numbers of cytolytic cells. Furthermore, the tumor antigen used for the initial stimulation of MSV-immune spleen cells in sec-MLTC appeared to have induced a specific selection of CTL precursor cells, since only syngeneic tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens were capable of inducing high levels of CTL regeneration in tertiary MLTC.",
author = "F. Plata and Cornelis Jongeneel",
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T1 - Characterization of effector lymphocytes associated with immunity to murine sarcoma virus (MSV) induced tumors. II. Repeated stimulation and proliferation in vitro of specific cytolytic T lymphocytes

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AU - Jongeneel, Cornelis

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AB - Cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTL) and specific CTL precursor cells can be generated during the immune response to syngeneic tumors induced by murine sarcoma virus (MSV) in the mouse. MSV-immune spleen cells yield high numbers of specific CTL after incubation in vitro with irradiated tumor cells in syngeneic secondary mixed leukocyte-tumor cell cultures (sec-MLTC). Peak cytolytic activity generated in sec-MLTC is detectable on day 7 after culture initiation and decreases slowly thereafter. This report presents data showing that highly active CTL could be regenerated upon tertiary stimulation of long-term sec-MLTC with irradiated tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens. CTL activity recovered from tertiary MLTC could be detected in a short-term (3 hr) 51Cr release assay, and increased levels of cytolysis were already evident 24 hr after culture re-initiation. It was also shown that cells recovered from MLTC 12 days after tertiary restimulation could be further stimulated by specific tumor antigen in quaternary MLTC to yield increased CTL numbers. These results thus indicated that T lymphocytes could be repeatedly stimulated by specific tumor antigen in syngeneic MLTC to yield increasing numbers of cytolytic cells. Furthermore, the tumor antigen used for the initial stimulation of MSV-immune spleen cells in sec-MLTC appeared to have induced a specific selection of CTL precursor cells, since only syngeneic tumor cells bearing MSV-associated antigens were capable of inducing high levels of CTL regeneration in tertiary MLTC.

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