Characterization of damage due to stress corrosion cracking in carbon steel using nonlinear surface acoustic waves

D. T. Zeitvogel, K. H. Matlack, J. Y. Kim, L. J. Jacobs, P. M. Singh, J. Qu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cold rolled carbon steel 1018C is widely used in pressurized fuel pipelines. In these structures, stress corrosion cracking (SCC) can pose a significant problem because cracks initiate late in the lifetime and often unexpectedly, but grow fast once they get started. To ensure a safe operation it is crucial that any damage can be detected before the structural stability is reduced by large cracks. In the early stages of SCC, microstructural changes occur which in many cases increase the acoustic nonlinearity of the material. Therefore, an initially monochromatic Rayleigh wave is distorted and measurable higher harmonics are generated. Different levels of stress corrosion cracking is induced in five specimens. For each specimen, nonlinear ultrasonic measurements are performed before and after inducing the damage. For the measurements, oil coupled wedge transducers are used to generate and detect tone burst Rayleigh wave signals. The amplitudes of the received fundamental and second harmonic waves are measured at varying propagation distances to obtain a measure for the acoustic nonlinearity of the specimens. The results show a damage-dependent increase in nonlinearity for early stages of damage, indicating the feasibility of this nonlinear ultrasonic method to detect the initiation of stress corrosion cracking.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationReview of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Volume 32
EditorsDale E. Chimenti, Donald O. Thompson
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages1286-1293
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9780735411296
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event39th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2012 - Denver, United States
Duration: Jul 15 2012Jul 20 2012

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1511
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference39th Annual Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, QNDE 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver
Period7/15/127/20/12

Keywords

  • Nonlinear Guided Waves
  • Stress Corrosion Cracking
  • Ultrasonic Testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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