Chapter 7: Trade and poverty: Changes in farming and community in NAFTA'S first decade

Pablo Alvarez, Jason Barton, Katherine R Baylis, Marybel Soto-Gomez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effect of trade on poverty is an open question. Although trade may create opportunities in the form of new markets, producers must be able to switch their production and access these markets to reap the benefits from trade. Those producers that cannot change may be stuck trying to sell products in a market with increased competition from imports. In this chapter, we consider which Mexican farmers have been able to adapt to market changes afforded by North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). We find that although some farmers, particularly those with access to outside information through education or technical assistance, have moved out of corn production, a number of both subsistence and market producers have increased the fraction of their land in corn after NAFTA. We also find that market producers respond quite differently from subsistence farmers to agricultural and other infrastructural factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-236
Number of pages32
JournalResearch in Rural Sociology and Development
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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NAFTA
free trade
poverty
market
producer
community
farmer
subsistence
maize
technical assistance
import
education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Chapter 7 : Trade and poverty: Changes in farming and community in NAFTA'S first decade. / Alvarez, Pablo; Barton, Jason; Baylis, Katherine R; Soto-Gomez, Marybel.

In: Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Vol. 17, 01.12.2011, p. 205-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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