1. 1. Cross sections from the middle of the gluteus medius were removed from 10 adult horses and used to evaluate changes in histochemically determined muscle fiber type and biochemically determined metabolic enzyme activities as a function of sample depth. 2. 2. Muscle fiber types determined using histochemical methods for myosin ATPase (pH 9.4) and succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) activity indicated percent fast-twitch glycolytic (FG) muscle fibers decreased and slow-twitch oxidative (SO) fibers increased as a function of increasing sampling depth. 3. 3. Percent histochemically determined fast-twitch oxidative glycolytic (FOG) fibers decresed slightly only in the deepest region of the gluteus medius. 4. 4. Citrate synthase (CS) enzymatic activity, used as a marker for mitchondrial oxidative potential, increased 2.5-fold activity per g of muscle protein from 1 to 8 cm sampling depth. 5. 5. 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (HAD) enzymatic activity, used as a marker for lipid oxidation potential, increased 3-fold in activity per g of muscle protein when the depth increased from 1 to 8 cm. 6. 6. Phosphorylase (PS) enzymatic activity, used as a marker for potential glycogen utilization, decreased 50% in activity per g of muscle protein when going from 1 to 8 cm. 7. 7. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzymatic activity, used as a marker for anaerobic glycolytic potential, decreased about 50% in activity as the sampling depth increased from 1 to 8 cm. 8. 8. In summary, the superficial portion of the equine gluteus medius was found to be more glycolytic and less aerobic in its metabolic profile than deeper regions. The muscle became progressively more aerobic and less glycolytic with increasing sampling depth.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -- Part A: Physiology|
|State||Published - 1988|
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