Changes in susceptibility to acetaminophen-induced liver injury by the organic anion indocyanine green

V. M. Silva, C. Chen, G. E. Hennig, H. E. Whiteley, J. E. Manautou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The non-metabolizable organic anion indocyanine green (ICG) has been shown previously to reduce markedly the biliary secretion of acetaminophen, particularly the glutathione conjugate of APAP (APAP-GSH), suggesting that this APAP metabolite may compete with other xenobiotics for excretion into the bile via a canalicular organic anion transport process. This study was conducted to determine whether changes in the biliary disposition of APAP induced by ICG could lead to alterations in susceptibility to APAP hepatotoxicity. To investigate this, groups of overnight-fasted male CD-1 mice received 30 μmol ICG/kg, intravenously, immediately prior to APAP dosing (500 mg/kg, ip). Controls were given propylene glycol vehicle. Mice were killed at 4 h after APAP challenge for immunochemical analysis of cytosolic protein arylation and determination of non-protein sulfhydryl (NPSH depletion, or at 12 and 24 h for biochemical and histological assessment of liver injury. Elevated plasma sorbitol dehydrogenase activity and centrilobular hepatocellular necrosis was present in control mice receiving APAP at 12 and 24 h. Treatment with ICG did not alter susceptibility to APAP toxicity when measured at 12 h after challenge. However, the severity of histologic lesions in the ICG-APAP group was significantly lower at 24 h after challenge. Furthermore, treatment with ICG did not alter APAP-induced glutathione depletion or cytosolic protein arylation. These data suggest that the organic anion ICG has a protective effect on APAP toxicity that promotes a faster recovery from liver injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetaminophen
  • Biliary disposition
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Indocyanine green
  • Organic anion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology


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