Cis- isomers of lycopene have been reported to be more bioavailable than all-trans-lycopene. ‘Moonglow’(MG) is an orange heirloom tomato variety with >90% of its lycopene in the more bioavailable cis-isomeric form, compared to ‘Red’ (R) tomatoes with all trans- lycopene. Oestrogen deficiency after menopause changes the body composition and gut microbes. This study evaluated the plasma and liver lycopene concentration and the effect of lycopene on body composition and gut microbiota in female ovariectomised rats following ‘Red’ versus ‘Moonglow’ tomato feeding. Female Sprague Dawley rats underwent no surgery (Sham) or ovariectomy (OVX) surgery at the age of 16 weeks to induce a menopause-like status. Sham-C and OVX-C groups received a daily dietary supplement containing no tomato powder; ‘post-R’ and ‘post-MG’ received dietary supplements containing tomato powder for 8 weeks post-surgery; ‘pre-R’ and ‘pre-MG’ received dietary supplements containing tomato powder for 8 weeks prior to and post-surgery (N = 12–15/group). Each dietary tomato supplement contained 0.172 mg of lycopene (~0.35 mg lycopene/kg body weight/day). After 8 or 16 weeks of tomato supplementation, the mean plasma lycopene concentrations in ‘pre-MG’ and ‘post-MG’ groups were ~8X higher than ‘pre-R’ and ‘post-R’ groups, but liver lycopene stores did not differ between the groups. Caecal pH ranged from 6.79 ± 0.08 to 7.05 ± 0.11 and was not significantly different among the groups. Ovariectomy reduced the abundance of gut bacteria compared to Sham-C. Both ‘pre-MG’ and ‘post-MG’ restored the numbers of Lactobacillus, Enterococcus, Bacteroides and E. coli, whereas the ‘post-R’ group only increased Lactobacillus. A significant increase in fat mass and reduction in lean mass was found in all OVX rats compared to Sham-C after 16 weeks, and individual fat pad weights strongly correlated with total body fat, with no benefit from lycopene supplementation. These results demonstrate that ‘Moonglow’ cis- lycopene is significantly more bioavailable than ‘Red’ trans- lycopene and that ‘Moonglow’ tomato has a greater prebiotic-like effect.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Medical Sciences Forum|
|State||Published - May 12 2022|
|Event||Nutrition Society of New Zealand Annual Conference - |
Duration: Dec 2 2021 → Dec 3 2021
- gut bacteria
- body composition