Changes in heavy rainfall in Midwestern United States

James Randal Angel, Floyd A. Huff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Characteristics of heavy rainfall events are important in the design of water-handling structures, agriculture, weather modification, and in monitoring climate change. Traditionally it is assumed that the extreme rainfall time series are stationary with no trends. This assumption may not be true for portions of the Midwestern United States. A newly digitized record of precipitation for 304 sites that extends back to 1901 was used to examine this assumption. Results for the entire Midwest show that stations are more likely to experience their heaviest rainfall events in more recent years. An analysis of the geographic distribution of changes in the annual maximum time series shows areas of increases across the Midwest. The impact of the changes in the annual maximum time series can be significant in determining rainfall frequency values and consequent runoff calculations. These results suggest that rainfall frequency studies should be updated on a regular basis for maximum usefulness.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages246-249
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Water Resources Planning and Management
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Rain
time series
rainfall
Time series
event
Weather modification
weather modification
climate change
agriculture
monitoring
water
Runoff
Climate change
Agriculture
trend
Values
runoff
experience
Monitoring
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Changes in heavy rainfall in Midwestern United States. / Angel, James Randal; Huff, Floyd A.

In: Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, Vol. 123, No. 4, 01.01.1997, p. 246-249.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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