Challenges in Heart Failure Disease Management in Skilled Nursing Facilities: A Qualitative Study

Cynthia D. Morrow, Marcelo C. Perraillon, Heidi L. Wald, Jennifer L. Nelson, Blaine P. Reeder, Catherine Battaglia, Rebecca S. Boxer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Clinical guidelines recommend clinicians in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs) monitor body weight and signs and symptoms related to heart failure (HF) and encourage a sodium restricted diet to improve HF outcomes; however, SNFs face considerable challenges in HF disease management (HF-DM). In the current study, we characterized the challenges of HF-DM with data from semi-structured, in-depth interviews with patients, caregivers, staff, and physicians from nine SNFs. Patients receiving skilled nursing care were interviewed together as a dyad with their caregiver. A data-driven, qualitative descriptive approach was used to understand the process and challenges of HF-DM. Coded text was categorized into descriptive themes. Interviews with five dyads (n = 10 individuals), SNF nurses and certified nursing assistants (n = 13), and physicians (n = 2) revealed that, among the sample, HF care was not prioritized above other competing health concerns. Staff operated in the challenging SNF environment largely without protocols or educational materials to prompt HF-DM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-17
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gerontological Nursing
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing
  • Gerontology


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